When those discussions fell apart the majority leader became a foil for Senate Democrats, who tried to make him the face of GOP obstructionism throughout much of the debate on spending and taxes.
Stepping out in this high profile speech with his own set of prescriptions for how the Republican party should move forward could raise questions about whether Cantor and Boehner are working together.
The Virginia Republican split from Boehner and voted against the final deal to avert the fiscal cliff.
But in advance of the speech Cantor's aides said he briefed House GOP leaders and they support the goals outlined in it.
In a show of unity, Boehner's office circulated a media advisory about Cantor's speech to reporters on Monday.