"Individuals need to talk openly to their sexual partners, and to their doctors about getting tested and they need to reduce their individual risk. They need to vaccinate. They need to consider ways to reduce their risk like practicing abstinence, using condoms correctly and consistently every time, and being in a mutually monogamous relationship."
The CDC recommends that adults and adolescents be tested for HIV at least once. Additional recommendations:
-- All sexually active women aged 25 and younger should be screened annually for chlamydia, as well as older women with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners.
-- At-risk sexually active women, such as those with new or multiple sex partners, should be screened yearly for gonorrhea.
-- All pregnant women should be screened for syphilis, HIV, chlamydia and hepatitis B, and at-risk pregnant women should be screened for gonorrhea at the first prenatal visit.
-- All HIV-positive women should be screened annually for trichomoniasis.
-- All sexually active gay, bisexual or other men who have sex with men should be screened at least once a year for syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea and HIV; men who have multiple or anonymous male sex partners should be screened more frequently for STIs (three- to six-month intervals), and men who have sex with men and use illicit drugs such as methamphetamine, or have partners who do, should be screened more frequently.