Honolulu Zoo took the No. 10 spot at In Defense of Animals' 2011 list of the "10 Worst Zoos for Elephants" on Monday.
The group said they choose the worst zoos because they lacked space, had unsuitable cold climates and had unnatural conditions. IDA said the elephants in those zoos face deprivation, disease and early death.
IDA said Honolulu Zoo was included on the list because it provides less than an acre of space for elephants. The group said the zoo plans to introduce a male elephant for breeding purposes, even though the female elephants are beyond breeding age and had previously failed to conceive through artificial insemination.
"IDA?s "10 Worst Zoos for Elephants" list illustrates the many serious problems that condemn elephants to lives of misery in zoos," said IDA Elephant Campaign Director Catherine Doyle. "These include abnormal repetitive behaviors, hyper-aggression, social isolation and deadly conditions such as foot and joint disease caused by lack of space and movement."
The other zoos in the U.S. cited on the list were Central Florida Zoo and Southwick?s Zoo in Massachusetts.
"Scientific research has shown what elephants need: space to walk miles every day, large families with whom to spend their lives and rich natural environments," said Doyle. "Caging elephants in zoo displays is not humane and it is not conservation."